Reduce gun violence by 30-50% in 5 years

Ceasefire Oregon and the Ceasefire Oregon Education Foundation have detailed three key strategies to achieve this goal.

  1. Require higher standards for gun ownership.
  2. Enhance accountability of federally licensed firearm dealers.
  3. Improve safety standards for guns and gun ownership.

Require higher standards for gun ownership

Recommendations for requiring higher standards for gun ownership include:

  • National universal background checks for all firearm sales1 2 3
  • Prohibition of gun ownership for 10 years if a person has multiple offenses involving misdemeanor violence, alcohol or drug abuse, domestic violence, a domestic violence restraining order or serious juvenile offense. 4 5 6
  • Secure weapons storage7 8 9 10 11 
  • Standardized training for concealed handgun license applicants that includes marksmanship proficiency, active shooter training, and conflict resolution 12 13

Enhance accountability of federally licensed firearm dealers

Ceasefire Oregon supports Dr. Webster’s recommendations to reduce gun violence by enhancing accountability of federally licensed firearms dealers (FFLs). 14 15

The pipeline of crime guns can be stopped by:

  • Requiring security cameras, computerized sales inventory, and other anti-theft measures as are required by other purveyors of dangerous substances such as pharmacies 16 17
  • Limiting gun purchases to one gun per month to reduce trafficking and straw purchases 18 19
  • Repealing the Gekas amendment of the 1994 Brady Bill (also known as the “Charleston Loophole”) that allows FFLs to sell a gun without a background check if the check is not complete in three business days 20 21 22
  • Imposing a waiting period of two weeks between time of sale and possession to deter suicide and impulse shootings. 23

Improve safety standards for guns and gun ownership

Affordable and effective technology exists today that would improve safety standards for guns and gun ownership. This includes:

  • A microstamped code on each bullet that links it to a specific gun 24
  • Magazine disconnect mechanisms (MDM) that prevent a gun from loading a bullet in the chamber 25
  • Loaded chamber indicator (LCI or CLI) to show that bullets are still in the gun 26
  • “Smart guns” with Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) or biometric recognition (fingerprint) capability. 27

Banning assault rifles like the AR 15 and high-capacity magazines that hold more than 5 rounds of ammunition will greatly reduce death and injury. 28 29 30 31 32 33

  1. Quinnpac University Poll, Sept. 17-21, 2015
  2. State Background Check Requirements and Rates of Domestic Violence Homicide.
  3. Anestis MD, Anestis JC. “Suicide Rates and State Laws Regulating Access and Exposure to Handguns.” American Journal of Public Health. 2015;105:10, 2049-2058.
  4. Sorenson SB and Webster DW. “What Works, Policies to Reduce Gun Violence. Gun Violence: Prediction, Prevention and Policy,” APA Panel Of Experts Report. American Psychological Association, 2013, pg. 30.
  5. Wintemute G. “Broadening Denial Criteria. Updated Evidence and Policy Developments on Reducing Gun Violence in America.”  Editors Webster DW, Vernick JS. Baltimore, 2014. pp. 13-17. Johns Hopkins University Press.
  6. Seventy percent of gun owners and 76.1% of non-gun owners support a gun policy prohibiting a person convicted of two or more crimes involving alcohol or drugs within a three-year period from having a gun for 10 years. Barry CL, McGinty EE, Vernick JS, Webster DW. “After Newtown — Public Opinion on Gun Policy and Mental Illness.” N Engl J Med. 2013;368:1077-1081. March 21, 2013. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1300512.
  7.  Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence. Retrieved from http://smartgunlaws.org/safe-storage-gun-locks-policy-summary/.
  8.  Anestis, Michael D. and Joye C. Anestis. “Suicide Rates and State Laws Regulating Access and Exposure to Handguns.” American Journal of Public Health: October 2015, Vol. 105, No. 10, pp. 2049-2058. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2015.302753 Retrieved from http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/abs/10.2105/AJPH.2015.302753.
  9.  Forty-four percent of gun owners and 75.3% of non-gun owners support a gun policy requiring by law that a person lockup the guns in the home when not in use to prevent handling by children or teenagers without adult supervision.  Barry, Colleen L., Ph.D., M.P.P, Emma E. McGinty, M.S., Jon S. Vernick, J.D., M.P.H., and Daniel W. Webster, Sc.D., M.P.H. “After Newtown–Public Opinion on Gun Policy and Mental Illness,  N Engl J Med 2013; 368:1077-1081. March 21, 2013 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1300512. Retrieved from http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1300512#t=article.
  10.  Policy Statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics. “Firearm-Related Injuries Affecting the Pediatric Population.” Council on Injury, Violence, and Poison Prevention Executive Committee. Retrieved from http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/130/5/e1416.full.
  11.  In Oregon, 82% percent of voters support child access prevention laws requiring safe storage of guns in a locked container for homes where a child is present. Additionally, 71% of gun owners support this law. Benenson Strategy Group, Polling Results, April 2015. Retrieved from http://americansforresponsiblesolutions.org/files/2015/04/ARS-Oregon-Child-Access-Prevention-Memo.pdf.
  12.  “ Overall, the most consistent, albeit not uniform, finding to emerge from the array of models is that aggravated assault rises when RTC laws are adopted.” Donohue, John J. III, Abhay Aneja, and Alexandria Zhang. The Impact of Right to Carry Laws and the NRC Report: Lessons for the Empirical Evaluation of Law and Policy May 20, 2010. Retrieved from http://media.law.stanford.edu/publications/archive/pdf/ssrn-id1632599.pdf.
  13.  Delaware Weapons Instructions and Forms. Retrieved from http://www.delcode.delaware.gov/title11/c005/sc07/index.shtml#1441.
  14.  “Congress should repeal the Tiahrt Amendment, which restricts the sharing of gun trace data.”  Taking a Stand: Reducing Gun Violence in Our Communities: A report from the International Association of Chiefs of Police 2007 Great Lakes Summit on Gun Violence, pg. 21. Retrieved from http://www.theiacp.org/portals/0/pdfs/ACF1875.pdf.
  15.  H.R.1449 – Tiahrt Restrictions Repeal Act114th Congress (2015-2016) Rep. Lee, Barbara D-CA-13 (Introduced 03/18/2015) Retrieved from https://www.congress.gov/bill/114th-congress/house-bill/1449/text.
  16.  Webster, Daniel W., ScD, MPH, “America’s Path to Fewer Gun Deaths” Retrieved from http://www.tedmed.com/speakers/show?id=309062.
  17.  Almost seventy-nine percent of gun owners and 86.4% of non-gun owners support a gun policy allowing the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms to temporarily take away a gun dealer’s license if an audit reveals record-keeping violations and the dealer cannot account for 20 or more guns.  Barry, Colleen L., Ph.D., M.P.P, Emma E. McGinty, M.S., Jon S. Vernick, J.D., M.P.H., and Daniel W. Webster, Sc.D., M.P.H. “After Newtown–Public Opinion on Gun Policy and Mental Illness,  N Engl J Med 2013; 368:1077-1081. March 21, 2013 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1300512. Retrieved from http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1300512#t=article.
  18.  This study provides evidence that restricting handgun purchases to 1 per month is an effective means of disrupting the illegal interstate transfer of firearms.” Weil, Douglas S., ScD; Rebecca C. Knox, MPH, MSW. “Effects of Limiting Handgun Purchases on Interstate Transfer of Firearms.” JAMA. 1996;275(22):1759-1761. doi:10.1001/jama.1996.03530460063033. Retrieved from http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=403492.
  19.  A 2012 Ipsos/Reuters poll found that sixty-nine percent of Americans support limiting the number of guns a person could purchase in a given time frame. Retrieved from http://www.ipsos-na.com/news-polls/pressrelease.aspx?id=5586.
  20.  “Blumenthal, Murphy Move to Keep Guns Out of the Hands of Criminals.” Retrieved from http://www.blumenthal.senate.gov/newsroom/press/release/blumenthal-murphy-move-to-keep-guns-out-of-the-hands-of-criminals.
  21.  Sixty-seven percent of gun owners and almost 80% of non-gun owners support a gun policy allowing law enforcement up to 5 business days to complete a background check for gun buyers. (Note: This survey was conducted in January 2013, two and one-half years before the Charleston Massacre in which Dylan Roof allegedly shot nine people to death. Reportedly, Roof obtained his firearm because of the Gekas amendment. http://everytownresearch.org/nics-charleston/)  Barry, Colleen L., Ph.D., M.P.P, Emma E. McGinty, M.S., Jon S. Vernick, J.D., M.P.H., and Daniel W. Webster, Sc.D., M.P.H. “After Newtown–Public Opinion on Gun Policy and Mental Illness,  N Engl J Med 2013; 368:1077-1081. March 21, 2013 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1300512. Retrieved from http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1300512#t=article.
  22.  Last year alone, more than 6,000 gun sales were given the green light by the FBI despite background checks that were incomplete and eventually determined the gun owner should not own a firearm…” Retrieved from http://www.wltx.com/news/many-dealers-sold-guns-after-record-delays/234935262.
  23.  Anestis, Michael D. and Joye C. Anestis. “Suicide Rates and State Laws Regulating Access and Exposure to Handguns.” American Journal of Public Health: October 2015, Vol. 105, No. 10, pp. 2049-2058. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2015.302753 Retrieved from http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/abs/10.2105/AJPH.2015.302753.
  24.  Lizotte TE and Ohar O. 2008. Forensic firearm identification of semiautomatic handguns using laser formed microstamping elements. SPIE Proceedings 7070: 1-15.
  25.  “From a nationally projectable sample, GAO estimates that 31 percent of accidental deaths caused by firearms might be prevented by the addition of two safety devices.” Eleanor Chclimsky,Assistant Comptroller General. United States General Accounting Office, Report to Chairman, Subcommittee on Antitrust, Monopolies and Business Rights, Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. Senate. “Accidental Shootings Many Deaths and Injuries Caused by Firearms Could Be Prevented.” pg. 2.  March 1991. Retrieved from http://www.gao.gov/assets/160/150353.pdf.
  26.  “From a nationally projectable sample, GAO estimates that 31 percent of accidental deaths caused by firearms might be prevented by the addition of two safety devices.” Eleanor Chclimsky,Assistant Comptroller General. United States General Accounting Office, Report to Chairman, Subcommittee on Antitrust, Monopolies and Business Rights, Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. Senate. “Accidental Shootings Many Deaths and Injuries Caused by Firearms Could Be Prevented.” pg. 2.  March 1991. Retrieved from http://www.gao.gov/assets/160/150353.pdf.
  27.  Webster, Daniel W., ScD MPH, Jon S. Vernick, JD, MPH Stephen P. Teret, JD, MPH. “How Cities Can Combat Illegal Guns and Gun Violence.” Center for Gun Policy and Research. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Baltimore, MD. Updated October 23, 2006. Retrieved from http://www.jhsph.edu/research/centers-and-institutes/johns-hopkins-center-for-gun-policy-and-research/publications/How_Cities_Can_Combat_Illegal_Guns.pdf.
  28.  According to a December 2014 poll by Pew Research Center, fifty-eight percent of Americans support a ban on semi-automatic weapons. Retrieved from http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2015/01/09/a-public-opinion-trend-that-matters-priorities-for-gun-policy/.
  29.  “Doctors: High-velocity Orlando rifle inflicts ‘devastating’ wounds.” Retrieved from http://articles.philly.com/2016-06-17/news/73821897_1_blood-vessels-bullet-energy.
  30.  “How the ‘Bullet Button’ Inventor Lets California’s Assault Weapons Owners Blast Away Without Breaking the Law.” Retrieved from https://www.thetrace.org/2015/12/san-bernardino-shooting-bullet-button/.
  31.  Friedman v City of Highland Park http://media.ca7.uscourts.gov/cgi-bin/rssExec.pl?Submit=Display&Path=Y2015/D04-27/C:14-3091:J:Easterbrook:aut:T:fnOp:N:1541776:S:0.
  32.  In Oregon, hunters are restricted from using large capacity magazines: there is a five cartridge limit for large game hunting, and three for bird hunting. Retrieved from http://www.politifact.com/oregon/statements/2012/dec/28/ginny-burdick/are-there-cartridge-limits-large-game-bird-hunting/.
  33.  California law defining assault rifle: http://oag.ca.gov/firearms/regagunfaqs.