Ceasefire Oregon Advocacy

NO on HB 3093A: Why would Oregon legislators allow non-Oregonians to carry hidden, loaded guns in our cities, parks and Capitol?

HB 3093A addresses concealed handgun license (CHL) reciprocity. That means that people licensed to carry concealed guns in one state (like Colorado) can carry in another state (like Oregon) as long as both states recognize each others' CHLs.

The consequence of the bill is that poorly trained, non-resident CHL holders can carry loaded, hidden guns into Oregon putting an unnecessary strain on law enforcement and placing Oregonians at increased risk of gunshot injury and death.

Why Ceasefire Oregon opposes HB 3093A

Oregon’s lax CHL training requirements would allow poorly trained, out-of-state CHL holders to carry loaded, hidden guns in Oregon.

  • Seven states, including Texas, require shooting competency. Oregon does not. (1, 7)
  • An Oregon CHL applicant is not even required to touch a gun to receive an Oregon CHL.
  • Delaware and Texas requires instruction on proper handling and storage of guns and ammunition. (2, 7) Oregon does not.
  • Some states require CHL training to include instruction in techniques for avoiding a criminal attack or how to manage a violent confrontation. (2, 7) Oregon does not.

  • Concealed handgun licenses are NOT like a driver’s license.

    • Driver’s licenses ensure a uniform standard of knowledge throughout all states. However, different states have different standards for CHL requirements and training.
    • Some states do not require any training or testing to obtain a CHL while driver’s licenses require training and testing in all states.

    • A CHL is not a guarantee of lawful behavior.

      • Since 2007, seven hundred and forty-three people have been shot to death by someone legally permitted to carry a concealed gun.(3)
      • In the same time, twenty-nine mass shootings have been committed by CHL holders.(3)
      • Also, seventeen law enforcement officers have been killed by CHL holders.(3)
      • Some states have issued CHLs to felons.

        • Florida issued 1,400 concealed carry permits to felons in 2007 alone.(4)
        • Between 2007 and 2011, North Carolina issue 2,400 concealed carry permits to people convicted of misdemeanor crimes or felonies.(5)
        • Reciprocity would pose serious challenges to law enforcement.

          • The increased number of individuals carrying concealed weapons in public places would pose substantial complications for Oregon law enforcement agencies.
          • In addition to confronting potentially large numbers of travelers packing heat with little or no training or knowledge of the relevant state firearms laws, law enforcement would be further challenged by the difficulty of verifying that any individual bearing an out-of-state CHL is legally allowed to carry a gun in public.
          • Some state permit cards do not contain the permit holder’s photograph, looking more like library cards than official documents authorizing the carrying of a hidden, loaded firearm.
          • In order to confirm that an individual’s CHL is authentic, law enforcement would have to contact the issuing agency in the permit holder’s state, because there is no nationwide database for CHL holders.
          • Not every state has a statewide database of permit holders. Colorado law, for example, prohibits the creation of a statewide database, while Maine does not require locally-issued permits to be reported to its state system.(6)

            HB 3093 will not help most Oregonians.

            • California does not have reciprocity, so Oregonians cannot carry concealed in our most populous neighboring state.
            • Washington is not eligible because it does not require CHL training.
            • Residents of states bordering Oregon can already obtain a CHL from an Oregon sheriff.
            • How does Oregon benefit from allowing more hidden, loaded guns in our state? It doesn’t. The bill’s sole “benefit”—saving some paperwork and perhaps a few dollars in CHL fees, for those few people—is far outweighed by the risk of having poorly trained CHL holders from other states carrying loaded, concealed handguns on our streets, in our parks and even into our Capitol building which has a chilling effect on Oregonians’ right to free speech.

              HB 3093A places a great deal of risk on Oregonians simply to extend a courtesy to a few.

              1. States requiring live firing as part of the firearm training component of the law are Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, North Carolina, South Carolina and Texas. http://smartgunlaws.org/concealed-weapons-permitting-policy-summary/
              2. http://www.delcode.delaware.gov/title11/c005/sc07/index.shtml#1441
              3. http://concealedcarrykillers.org/
              4. Megan O’Matz and John Maines, “License to Carry: Florida’s Flawed Concealed Weapon Law,” Sun Sentinel, January 28, 2007, available at http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/2007-01-28/news/0701270316_1_gun-licens...
              5. Michael Luo, “Guns in Public, and Out of Sight,” The New York Times, December 26, 2011, available at http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/27/us/more-concealed-guns-and-some-are-in...
              6. Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-12-206(3)(b)(I); Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 25, § 2006.
              7. http://dps.texas.gov/RSD/CHL/faqs/

              Concealed handgun license training required by some other states but not Oregon:

              • Live-fire training and proficiency
              • Training in conflict management and reduction
              • Training in avoidance of a criminal attack
              • instruction on proper handling and storage of guns and ammunition, including the storage and handling of guns and ammunition around children,
              • Requiring a person to be of good character (Delaware requirement)

              • In addition, some states allow sheriffs “may issue” rather than “shall issue” discretion when issuing a CHL. That discretion helps keep guns away from people who are known to local sheriffs as having potential problems with mental health or domestic violence. Oregon changed its CHL laws from “may issue” to “shall issue” in 1989, therefore, Oregon sheriffs no longer have that discretion.

                Congratulations and thank you!! SB 941, Expanded Background Checks, was signed into law today, May 11, by Governor Kate Brown.

                SB 941, also known as the “Oregon Firearms Safety Act,” would exempt specific transfers or sales including transfers or sales:
                -between spouses or domestic partners; or
                -between immediate relatives including siblings, parents, children, step children, grandparents, aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews, first cousins of the transferor; or
                -for certain temporary transfers; or
                -involving a gun turn-in or buy-back program.

                SB 941 also requires the Oregon State Police to notify local law enforcement when a person prohibited from buying a gun tries to do so and fails the background check.

                Additionally, SB 941 would help to reduce gun violence by authorizing judges to rule if people ordered to undergo outpatient treatment for mental health illnesses should be prohibited from purchasing or possessing guns during treatment.

                Information Sheet: Background Checks to Close the Private Gun Sale Loophole

                87% of Oregonians support background checks, including 83% of Oregon gun owners.1

                In Oregon, background checks for gun sales are only required from a federally licensed firearms dealer or at a gun show. Oregon voters closed the gun show loophole in 2000, but an estimated 40,000 to 75,000 guns are still sold annually in Oregon without a background check through private sellers.

                Felons, domestic abusers, and the dangerously mentally ill can avoid the background check system by going to private sellers, no questions asked.

                Exempt family members include parents, children, grandparents, siblings, aunts, uncles, nieces, and nephews.

                Background checks would not be required for temporary transfer. (For example, if a gun were lent for hunting for a short time.)

                The private gun sale loophole is one reason why Oregon is one of 14 states where gun deaths now outnumber car fatalities.2

                Taking the responsible step of requiring background checks for private gun sales is the most effective way to reduce gun violence.

                In states that require comprehensive background checks:
                -48% fewer on-duty police officers are shot and killed, and
                -46% fewer women are shot and killed by their intimate partners.3

                Background checks are simple and effective. During 2013 alone, Oregon's background check system prevented 2,215 prohibited persons from purchasing guns from licensed dealers and at gun shows (Oregon State Police data).

                Background checks save lives. Let's close the private sale loophole now.

                1.Americans for Responsible Solutions
                2. Violence Policy Center
                3. Everytown for Gun Safety


                Information Sheet: Child Access Prevention

                The proposed Oregon Child Access Prevention bill will will make it a crime to endanger a child by allowing access to an unlocked or unsecured firearm without consent of the child's parent or guardian.

                The law would require gun dealers to post these responsibilities where firearms are sold.

                An estimated 26,000 Oregon children under 18 live in a home with an unlocked firearm.1 Many more children visit and play in homes with unsecured firearms.

                Child Access Prevention legislation makes it clear that preventing child access to these firearms is the gun owner's responsibility.
                Families who enroll their children in gun safety classes or take their children hunting or target shooting will still be able to do so.

                Every gun that injures a child first passes through the hands of an adult.

                In 12 states where child access prevention laws had been in effect for at least one year, unintentional deaths fell by 23% from 1990-94 among children under 15 years of age.2

                Keeping firearms locked and unloaded and storing ammunition in a locked location separate from firearms serve as protective measures that reduce youth suicide and unintentional injury in homes with children and teenagers where guns are stored.3



                The Truth About Kids & Guns, Brady Campaign to End Gun Violence, Oct. 2014.
                2. Peter Cummings et al., State Gun Safe Storage Laws and Child Mortality Due to Firearms, 278 JAMA 1084, 1084 (Oct. 1997).
                3. David C. Grossman et al., Gun Storage Practices and Risk of Youth Suicide and Unintentional Firearm Injuries, 293 JAMA 707, 711-13 (Feb. 2005).

                SB 945, sponsored by Senators Steiner Hayward and Burdick with Representatives Smith Warner, Evans, Frederick, Greenlick, Helm and Keny-Guyer would create a crime of endangering a minor by allowing a child access to an unsecured firearm. The minor may access the firearm with permission from a parent or guardian or for defense of self or others.

                SB 945 Child Access Prevention Information Sheet


                • The proposed Oregon Child Access Prevention bill would make it a crime to endanger a child by allowing access to an unlocked or unsecured firearm without consent of the child's parent or guardian.
                • In addition, the bill would require gun dealers to post notice concerning obligation to prevent minors from accessing firearm without consent of firearm owner or minor’s parent or guardian.
                • Families who enroll their children in gun safety classes or take their children hunting or target shooting will still be able to do so.
                • Twenty-eight states and the District of Columbia have already enacted Child Access Prevention laws.1
                • An estimated 26,000 Oregon children under 18 live in a home with an unlocked firearm.2 Many more children visit and play in homes with unsecured firearms.
                • These children are at a greater risk of unintentional gun violence. U.S. children aged 5 to 14 are eleven times more likely to be killed unintentionally with a gun than similarly aged children in other developed countries.3
                • Guns poorly stored increase the risk of unintentional gun deaths.4
                • Case studies of unintentional shootings document a high rate of accessible and loaded firearms in homes where the shootings occurred.5
                • In nearly half of cases, the shootings occurred in the home of the victim.6
                • More than 90% of the time there was no adult present..7
                • Guns properly stored reduce unintentional deaths. Recent studies find that keeping firearms locked and unloaded, and keeping ammunition stored in a locked location separate from firearms, reduced unintentional injury in homes with children and teens.8
                • CAP laws have been associated with lower rates of unintentional gun deaths among children.9
                • Studies have found these laws to be effective in reducing accidental shootings of children by as much as 23 percent.10
                • Among states with the highest levels of child gun deaths, 7 of 10 do not have CAP laws. Among states with low levels of child gun deaths, 7 of 10 do have CAP laws.11
                • Alaska and Louisiana--states ranked highest in the level of gun violence, with weak gun laws and no CAP laws--had the highest number of children killed by guns from 2001 through 2010: 4 to 5 deaths for every 100,000 children.
                • By contrast, 26 states with CAP laws had rates of less than 2 child firearm deaths for every 100,000 children over this same period.12
                • In 12 states where child access prevention laws had been in effect for at least one year, unintentional deaths fell by 23% from 1990-94 among children under 15 years of age.13
                • Keeping firearms locked and unloaded and storing ammunition in a locked location separate from firearms serve as protective measures that reduce youth suicide and unintentional injury in homes with children and teenagers where guns are stored.14

                1. Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence, Child Access Prevention Summary, http://smartgunlaws.org/child-access-prevention-policy-summary/, 28 states and D.C. have CAP laws: California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia and Wisconsin.
                2. The Truth About Kids & Guns, Brady Campaign to End Gun Violence, p. 20, Oct. 2014. http://www.bradycampaign.org/the-truth-about-kids-guns
                3. Richardson EG, Hemenway D. Homicide, Suicide, and Unintentional firearm fatality: Comparing the United States with Other High-Income Countries, 2003, p. 13, table 2, J Trauma, 2011 Jan;70(1):238-43. doi 10.1097/TA. 0b013e3181dbaddf.
                4. Miller M, Azrael D, Hemenway D. Firearms and Violent Death in the United States, Reducing Gun Violence in America: Informing Policy with Evidence and Analysis, Webster DW, Vernick JS, ed. 2013, p. 13
                5. Wintemute, GJ, Teret SP et al, When Children Shoot Children: 88 Unintended Deaths in California, JAMA 1987; 2573107-3109
                6. Grossman DC, Reay DT, Baker SA. Self-inflicted and unintentional firearm injuries among children and adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1999; 153(8); 875-878
                7. Ibid
                8. Grossman, D C. et al, Gun Storage Practices and Risk of Youth Suicide and Unintentional Firearm Injuries, 293 JAMA 707, 711-13 (2005)
                9. Regulating Guns in America (see above) p. 233
                10. Hepburn L, Azrael D et al. The Effects of Child Access Prevention Laws on Unintentional Child Firearm fatalities, 1979-2000. Trauma 2006; 61:423-8; See also The Case for Gun Policy Reforms in America, Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research, 2012, p. 8.
                11. States with highest level of child gun violence are Louisiana, Alaska, Alabama, Arizona, Mississippi, South Carolina, New Mexico, Missouri, Arkansas, Georgia. Mississippi, Missouri and Georgia have CAP laws. States with the lowest level of violence are Hawaii, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, New York, Iowa, Rhode Island, Minnesota, Maine, Nebraska. Only New York, Maine, and Nebraska do not have CAP laws. See interactive map at http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/civil-liberties/news/2013/04/02/5..., Center for American Progress.
                12. Gerney A, Parsons C, Posner C, America Under the Gun: A 50 State Analysis of Gun Violence and Its Link to Weak State Laws, Center for American Progress, April 2013, pp. 16-17
                13. Peter Cummings et al., State Gun Safe Storage Laws and Child Mortality Due to Firearms, 278 JAMA 1084, 1084 (Oct. 1997).
                14. David C. Grossman et al., Gun Storage Practices and Risk of Youth Suicide and Unintentional Firearm Injuries, 293 JAMA 707, 711-13 (Feb. 2005).

                Thanks to New Yorkers Against Gun Violence for help in compiling this data.

                Make Your Voice Heard

                When a bill that would endanger the safety of Oregonians comes before a legislative committee or to the House or Senate floor, your legislators need to hear from you. They hear frequently from the gun lobby and its followers. Your calls and messages urging your legislators to vote against dangerous bills are essential. Our legislators need to understand that we want them to stand up to the NRA and other elements of the gun lobby. We want them to vote against bills that would make guns too easily available to people who should not have them.

                If you share our concerns, please send us your email address, so we can contact you about gun bills that are being considered by the Oregon legislature and the U.S. Congress. We will contact you only when necessary; we promise not to inundate you with email. Click here to send us your email address, and we will let you know when your representatives need to hear from you. Make your voice heard when it counts!

                Visit the Oregon legislature's website to find out who your representatives are and to obtain information on other House and Senate lawmakers. Email your representatives to let them know that their constituency wants them to vote for a safer Oregon.

                For information on current Oregon laws, please see our summary of Oregon laws concerning gun violence. You may print the PDF on both sides of an 8.5 x 11 sheet of paper, and then fold the paper twice to create a three-panel brochure. You are welcome to print and distribute the brochures.

                To help with our work, please contact us at ceasefireoregon@gmail.com or 503.220.1669.

                Work in the Oregon Legislature

                Ceasefire Oregon has worked very hard for many years to defeat dangerous bills introduced by the gun lobby in the Oregon legislature. Many thanks to all our friends and supporters who have helped defeat those terrible bills.

                Thank you for your help.